Flora & Fauna

Center of Biodiversity

The Preserve's flora and fauna is as diverse as it is abundant! Raptor species include Northern Harriers (Marsh Hawks), Osprey, and Red-tailed Hawk, as well many other varieties. Red-winged Blackbirds, Swamp Sparrows, Common Yellowthroats, and Yellow Warblers are denizens that nest in or near the playa's marshes. Red and Gray Fox are known, as are Bobcats, Raccoons, Porcupines, and Desert Cottontail Rabbits. Butterflies, as well as dragonflies and other odonates are found in great numbers, as are amphibians like frogs, toads, and salamanders. Reptiles such as turtles, lizards, and snakes are also commonly observed.

Midland Naturalists Observations
6/29/13 - Bird Observation List
6/29/13 - Butterfly Observation List
6/29/13 - Herpetofauna Observation List
11/3/12 - Bird Observation List
11/3/12 - Butterfly Observation List
8/26/12 - Butterfly Observation List
8/26/12 - Butterfly Observation List
1/21/12 - Bird Observation List
8/6/11 - Bird Observation List


Checklist of Verified Flora & Fauna Observations at the I-20 Wildlife Preserve

Birds:

Scientific Name Common Name
Branta canadensis Canada Goose
Aix sponsa Wood Duck
Anas strepera Gadwall
Anas americana American Wigeon
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard
Anas discors Blue-winged Teal
Anas cyanoptera Cinnamon Teal
Anas clypeata Northern Shoveler
Anas acuta >Northern Pintail
Anas crecca Green-winged Teal
Aythya valisineria Canvasback
Aythya americana Redhead
Aythya collaris Ring-necked Duck
Aythya affnis Lesser Scaup
Bucephala albeola Bufflehead
Bucephala clangula Common Goldeneye
Lophodytes cucullatus Hooded Merganser
Mergus merganser Common Merganser
Mergus serrator Red-breasted Merganser
Oxyura jamaicensis Ruddy Duck
Callipepla squamata Scaled Quail
Colinus virginianus Northern Bobwhite
Gavia immer Common Loon
Podilymbus podiceps Pied-billed Grebe
Podiceps nigricollis Eared Grebe
Podiceps auritus Horned Grebe
Pelecanus erythrorhynchos American White Pelican
Phalacrocorax auritus Double-crested Cormorant
Botaurus lentiginosus American Bittern
Ardea herodias Great Blue Heron
Ardea alba Great Egret
Egretta thula Snowy Egret
Egretta caerulea Little Blue Heron
Egretta tricolor Tricolored Heron
Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret
Butorides virescens Green Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-Heron
Nyctanassa violacea Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
Plegadis chihi White-faced Ibis
Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture
Pandion haliaetus Osprey
Sterna forsteri Forster's Tern
Chlidonias niger Black Tern
Columba livia Rock Pigeon
Streptopelia decaocto Eurasian Collared-Dove
Zenaida asiatica White-winged Dove
Zenaida macroura Mourning Dove
Columbina inca Inca Dove
Columbina passerina Common Ground Dove
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed Cuckoo
Geococcyx californianus Greater Roadrunner
Tyto alba Barn Owl
Bubo virginianus Great Horned Owl
Asio otus Long-eared Owl
Chordeiles minor Common Nighthawk
Phalaenoptilus nuttallii Common Poorwill
Chaetura pelagica Chimney Swift
Archilochus alexandri Black-chinned Hummingbird
Selasphorus rufus Rufous Hummingbird
Megaceryle alcyon Belted Kingfisher
Sphyrapicus varius Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Picoides scalaris Ladder-backed Woodpecker
Colaptes auratus Northern Flicker
Contopus cooperi Olive-sided
Contopus sordidulus Western Wood-Pewee
Empidonax trailii Willow Flycatcher
Empidonax minimus Least Flycatcher
Empidonax occidentalis Cordilleran Flycatcher
Empidonax hammondii Hammond's Flycatcher
Empidonax oberholseri Dusky Flycatcher
Sayornis nigricans Black Phoebe
Sayornis phoebe Eastern Phoebe
Sayornis saya Say's Phoebe
Pyrocephalus rubinus Vermilion Flycatcher
Myiarchus cinerascens Ash-throated Flycatcher
Myiarchus crinitus Great Crested Flycatcher
Pitangus sulphuratus Great Kiskadee
Tyrannus verticalis Western Kingbird
Tyrannus forficatus Scissor-tailed Flycatcher
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead Shrike
Vireo bellii Bell's Vireo
Vireo plumbeus Plumbeous Vireo
Vireo gilvus Warbling Vireo
Vireo olivaceus Red-eyed Vireo
Setophaga ruticilla American Redstart
Parkesia noveboracensis Northern Waterthrush
Parkesia motacilla Louisiana Waterthrush
Oporornis philadelphia Mourning Warbler
Oporornis tolmiei MacGillivray's Warbler
Geothlypis trichas Common Yellowthroat
Wilsonia pusilla Wilson's Warbler
Icteria virens Yellow-breasted Chat
Piranga ludoviciana Western Tanager
Pipilo chlorurus Green-tailed Towhee
Pipilo maculatus Spotted Towhee
Melozone fusca Canyon Towhee
Peucaea cassinii Cassin's Sparrow
Aimophila ruficeps Rufous-crowned Sparrow
Spizella passerina Chipping Sparrow
Spizella pallida Clay-colored Sparrow
Spizella breweri Brewer's Sparrow
Spizella pusilla Field Sparrow
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper Sparrow
Chondestes grammacus Lark Sparrow
Calamospiza melanocorys Lark Bunting
Passerculus sandwichensis Savannah Sparrow
Ammodramus leconteii Le Conte's Sparrow
Passerella iliaca Fox Sparrow
Melospiza melodia Song Sparrow
Melospiza lincolnii Lincoln's Sparrow
Melospiza georgiana Swamp Sparrow
Zonotrichia albicollis White-throated Sparrow
Zonotrichia leucophrys White-crowned Sparrow
Junco hyemalis Dark-eyed Junco
Cardinalis cardinalis Northern Cardinal
Cardinalis sinuatus Pyrrhuloxia
Pheucticus ludovicianus Rose-breasted Grosbeak
Pheucticus melanocephalus Black-headed Grosbeak
Passerina caerulea Blue Grosbeak
Passerina amoena Lazuli Bunting
Passerina cyanea Indigo Bunting
Passerina ciris Painted Bunting
Spiza americana Dickcissel
Agelaius phoeniceus Red-winged Blackbird
Sturnella magna Eastern Meadowlark
Sturnella neglecta Western Meadowlark
Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus Yellow-headed Blackbird
Euphagus cyanocephalus Brewer's Blackbird
Quiscalus quiscula Common Grackle
Quiscalus mexicanus Great-tailed Grackle
Icterus spurius Orchard Oriole
Icterus bullockii Bullock's Oriole
Icterus galbula Baltimore Oriole
Icterus cucullatus Hooded Oriole
Icterus parisorum Scott's Oriole
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi Kite
Circus cyaneus Northern Harrier
Accipiter striatus Sharp-shinned Hawk
Accipiter cooperii Cooper's Hawk
Parabuteo unicinctus Harris's Hawk
Buteo lineatus Red-shouldered Hawk
Buteo platypterus Broad-winged Hawk
Buteo swainsoni Swainson's Hawk
Buteo jamaicensis Red-tailed Hawk
Falco sparverius American Kestrel
Falco peregrinus Peregrine Falcon
Falco mexicanus Prairie Falcon
Porzana carolina Sora
Gallinula chloropus Common Moorhen
Fulica americana American Coot
Grus canadensis Sandhill Crane
Charadrius alexandrinus Snowy Plover
Charadrius semipalmatus Semipalmated Plover
Charadrius vociferus Killdeer
Himantopus mexicanus Black-necked Stilt
Recurvirostra americana American Avocet
Tringa melanoleuca Greater Yellowlegs
Tringa flavipes Lesser Yellowlegs
Tringa solitaria Solitary Sandpiper
Tringa semipalmata Willet
Actitis macularius Spotted Sandpiper
Bartramia longicauda Upland Sandpiper
Calidris pusilla Semipalmated Sandpiper
Calidris mauri Western Sandpiper
Calidris minutilla Least Sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis White-rumped Sandpiper
Calidris bairdii Baird's Sandpiper
Calidris himantopus Stilt Sandpiper
Limnodromus scolopaceus Long-billed Dowitcher
Gallinago delicata Wilson's Snipe
Scolopax minor American Woodcock
Phalaropus tricolor Wilson's Phalarope
Leucophaeus pipixcan Franklin's Gull
Chroicocephalus philadelphia Bonaparte's Gull
Larus delawarensis Ring-billed Gull
Larus argentatus Herring Gull
Sterna caspia Caspian Tern
Sterna hirundo Common Tern
Cyanocitta cristata Blue Jay
Corvus cryptoleucus Chihuahuan Raven
Progne subis Purple Martin
Tachycineta bicolor Tree Swallow
Stelgidopteryx serripennis Northern Rough-winged Swallow
Riparia riparia Bank Swallow
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Cliff Swallow
Petrochelidon fulva Cave Swallow
Hirundo rustica Barn Swallow
Auriparus flaviceps Verdin
Certhia americana Brown Creeper
Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus Cactus Wren
Salpinctes obsoletus Rock Wren
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina Wren
Thryomanes bewickii Bewick's Wren
Troglodytes aedon House Wren
Cistothorus platensis Sedge Wren
Cistothorus palustris Marsh Wren
Regulus satrapa Golden-crowned Kinglet
Regulus calendula Ruby-crowned Kinglet
Polioptila caerulea Glue-gray Gnatcatcher
Catharus ustulatus Swainson's Thrush
Catharus guttatus Hermit Thrush
Hylocichla mustelina Wood Thrush
Turdus migratorius American Robin
Mimus polyglottos Northern Mockingbird
Oreoscoptes montanus Sage Thrasher
Toxostoma curvirostre Curve-billed Thrasher
Sturnus vulgaris European Starling
Anthus rubescens American Pipit
Bombycilla cedrorum Cedar Waxwing
Oreothlypis peregrina Tennessee Warbler
Vermivora celata Orange-crowned Warbler
Oreothlypis ruficapilla Nashville Warbler
Dendroica petechia Yellow Warbler
Dendroica magnolia Magnolia Warbler
Dendroica coronata Yellow-rumped Warbler
Dendroica townsendi Townsend's Warbler
Dendroica virens Black-throated Green Warbler
Dendroica discolor Prairie Warbler
Mniotilla varia Black-and-white Warbler
Carpodacus mexicanus House Finch
Spinus pinus Pine Siskin
Spinus psaltria Lesser Goldfinch
Spinus tristis American Goldfinch
Passer domesticus House Sparrow

Butterflies:

Scientific Name Common Name
Battus philenor Pipevine Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes Black Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes Giant Swallowtail
Papilio multicaudata Two-tailed Swallowtail
Pieris rapae Cabbage White
Pontia protodice Checkered White
Colias philodice Clouded Sulphur
Colias eurytheme Orange Sulphur
Colias cesonia Southern Dogface
Phoebis sennae Cloudless Sulphur
Phoebis agarithe Large Orange Sulphur
Kricogonia lyside Lyside Sulphur
Eurema mexicana Mexican Yellow
Eurema lisa Little Yellow
Eurema nise Mimosa Yellow
Eurema nicippe Sleepy Orange
Nathalis iole Dainty Sulphur
Atlides halesus Great Purple Hairstreak
Strymon melinus Gray Hairstreak
Calycopis isobeon Dusky-blue Groundstreak
Brephidium exilis Western Pygmy Blue
Leptotes marina Marine Blue
Hemiargus ceraunus Ceraunus Blue
Hemiargus isola Reakirt's Blue
Everes comyntas Eastern Tailed-blue
Calephelis nemesis Fatal Metalmark
Libytheana carinenta American Snout
Agraulis vanillae Gulf Fritillary
Euptoieta claudia Variegated Fritillary
Euptoieta hegesia Mexican Fritillary
Texola elada Elada Checkerspot
Dymasia dymas Tiny Checkerspot
Thessalia theona Theona Checkerspot
Chlosyne gorgone Gorgone Checkerspot
Phyciodes tharos Pearl Crescent
Phyciodes graphica Vesta Crescent
Phyciodes phaon Phaon Crescent
Phyciodes picta Painted Crescent
Phyciodes texana Texan Crescent
Polygonia interrogationis Question Mark
Nymphalis antiopa Mourning Cloak
Vanessa atalanta Red Admiral
Systasea pulverulenta Texas Powdered Skipper

Odonates:

Scientific Name Common Name
Archilestes grandis Great Spreadwing
Lestes disjunctus Common Spreadwing
Argia apicalis Blue-fronted Dancer
Enallagma civile Familiar Bluet
Ischnura demorsa Mexican Forktail
Ischnura denticollis Black-fronted Forktail
Ischnura hastata Citirine Forktail
Ischnura ramburii Rambur's Forktail
Aeshna multicolor Blue-eyed Darner
Anax junius Common Green Darner
Brachymesia gravida Four-spotted Pennant
Celithemis eponina Halloween Penant
Erythemis simplicicollis Eastern Pondhawk
Libellula luctuosa Widow Skimmer
Libellula pulchella Twelve-spotted Skimmer
Libellula saturata Flame Skimmer
Orthemis ferruginea Roseate Skimmer
Pachydiplax longipennis Blue Dasher
Pantala flavescens Wandering Glider
Pantala hymenaea Spot-winged Glider
Perithemis tenera Eastern Amberwing
Plathemis lydia Common Whitetail
Sympetrum corruptum Variegated Meadowhawk
Sympetrum vicinum Yellow-legged Meadowhawk
Tramea lacerata Black Saddlebags
Tramea onusta Red Saddlebags

Plants:

Scientific Name Common Name
Typha latifolia Broadleaf Cattail
Potamogeton diversifolius Waterthread Pondweed
Sagittaria latifolia Broadleaf Arrowhead
Bromus secalinus Rye Brome
Bromus japonicus Japanese Brome
Festuca elatior Tall Fescue
Phalaris caroliniana Carolina Canarygrass
Stenotaphrum secundatum St. Augustine Grass
Paspalum plicatulum Brown-seed Paspalum
Paspalum distichum Knotgrass
Panicum hillmanii Hillman's Panicgrass
Eleocharis macrostachya Pale Spikerush
Cyperus setigerus Lean Flatsedge
Allium canadense Wild Garlic
Carya illinoinensis Pecan
Morus alba White Mulberry
Polygonum ramosissimum Bushy Knotweed
Polygonum nutans Water Smartweed
Persicaria coccinea Longroot Smartweed
Persicaria vulgaris Spotted Ladysthumb
Polygonum hydropiperoides Swamp Smartweed
Salix nigra Black Willow
Celtis laevigata Hackberry
Prosopis glandulosa Mesquite
tamarix chinensis Salt Cedar
Sapindus drummondii Western Soapberry
Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth Maple
Populus Cottonwood
Lemna minor Common Duckweed

Reptiles:

Scientific Name Common Name
Kinosternon flavescens flavescens Yellow Mud Turtle
Terrepene ornata ornate Ornate Box Turtle
Trachemys scripta elegans Red-eared Slider
Aspidoscelis gularis gularis Texas Spotted Whiptail
Aspidoscelis tesselata Common Checkered Whiptail
Plestiodon obsoletus Great Plains Skink
Phrynosoma cornutum Texas Horned Lizard
Sceloporus consobrinus Prairie Lizard
Uta stansburiana stejnegeri Eastern Side-blotched Lizard
Heterodon nasicus Western Hog-nosed Snake
Lampropeltis getula splendida Desert Kingsnake
Masticophis flagellum testaceus Western Coachwhip
Pituophis melanoleucus sayi Bullsnake
Thamnophis marcianus marcianus Checkered Gartersnake
Crotalus atrox Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake

Amphibians:

Scientific Name Common Name
Ambystoma tigrinum mavortium Barred Tiger Salamander
Bufo speciosus Texas Toad
Gastrophryne olivacea Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad
Lithobates catesbeianus Bullfrog
Lithobates blairi Plains Leopard Frog
Scaphiopus couchi Couch’s Spadefoot Toad

Mammals:

Scientific Name Common Name
Sylvilagus spp. Cottontail Rabbit
Neotoma lepida Desert Wood Rat

More to come as they show up!

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